Tips for Parents- Grade K


NUMBER CONCEPTS
  • Count objects such as jellybeans in a bowl, pennies in a jar, cheerios in a baggie, etc.
  • Find numbers on common objects such as license plates, highway signs, price tags, clothing, etc.
  • Practice counting with your student while doing various activities-driving in the car, jumping rope, waiting in line at a store, etc. Challenge your student to start counting at a given number, such as 13 or 28.
  • Use cards to compare numbers (remove the face cards). Have each player take a card; identify who has more, less, or if the values are equal.
  • Count how many eggs are in an egg carton. How many more are needed to fill the carton?
  • Put items such as socks, stickers, toys, food, etc. into groups and talk about which group has more or less items using the terms greater than and less than.
  • Roll a die and count the dots. Say the number. What number comes before? What number comes after? Can your student subitize (that is, say how many dots on the die without counting)? Play with two dice and count the total.

NUMBER OPERATIONS
  • Use a popsicle stick to represent a ten and beans to represent ones. Using a deck of cards, give your child a 10 card, and draw another number card, then add the numbers together and show the number with sticks and beans.
  • Walk from one end of the kitchen to the other and count how many steps, then show how many steps were taken with sticks and beans.
  • Use cereal pieces to solve the following problem: Mason has 10 pieces of cereal. He eats 4 pieces. How many pieces are left?
  • How old are you now? Subtract one from that number and record it. Add 3 to that number and record it.
  • Count backwards from 100. Skip count to 100 by 10s. Which took longer? Write your answer.
  • Go outside and find two clovers. Write an equation to show how many leaves are on both clovers.
  • Use some fruit to solve the following problem: Ken has 5 bananas in a bunch. He eats some. There are 3 left. How many bananas did he eat?
  • Ben had 4 chairs at his kitchen table in the morning. After school, there was only 1 chair at the kitchen table. How many chairs are missing?

GEOMETRY
  • Go on a shape hunt outside, ask your student to name the shapes of doors, windows, bicycle wheels, etc.
  • Ask your student to identify the shapes of various road signs while traveling in the car.
  • Talk with your student about the various shapes of items packaged in the grocery store.
  • Build with blocks. Discuss what shapes were used to create the structure.
  • Look around your home for solid shapes. Name at least 3 solid shapes.
  • Look around your home for flat shapes. Draw at least three of the shapes.
  • Look around your home for circles. Count them and record how many you found.
  • Use marshmallows and bendy straws, toothpicks, or pipe cleaners to build as many shapes as you can. Record the names of your shapes.
  • Make a picture using 2 circles, 3 triangles, & 1 rectangle. Describe to a friend how you made it.
  • Explore position words. Use toys to model before, after, above, below, and beside. Describe using attributes, such as "the blue car is behind the red car."

MEASUREMENT AND DATA
  • Trace your foot with chalk outside. Trace a friend’s or family member’s foot, too. Who has a longer foot? Who has a shorter foot?
  • Sort a bag of candy by color. Count each color. What color has the most? What color has the least?
  • Get three different cups. Put them in order from shortest to tallest.
  • Sort the mail by name. Who has the least amount of mail? Who has the most amount of mail?
  • Find 3 objects in the home that are shorter than your hand.
  • Compare the heights of 2 people. Who is taller and who is shorter? Does age matter?

BASIC FACTS
  • Use a manipulative (macaroni, beads, buttons) to show each math fact.
  • Play Memory by using 2 sets of cards and putting them face down. Keep the matches you find.
  • Play Compare by splitting 1 set of fact cards into two piles. Each player flips a card over, and the player with the greater sum/difference keeps both cards.
  • Have an adult say a math fact and leave out one of the numbers. Fill in the missing number. (Example: 2 + ? = 4)
  • Choose a fact card and draw a picture to show the fact.
  • Write a word problem to go with a fact. Solve your problem. (Example: 3 + 2, "There were 3 brown dogs and 2 white dogs. How many dogs were there?")
  • Spread out 1 set of fact cards, face up, on a table. Say a sum/difference and have your child find the fact card that goes with it.
  • Tape fact cards on different doors in your house. Have your child give the sum/difference for the fact card before being able to open the door.
  • Put one set of cards face down. Each player takes turns flipping 2 cards. When you find a related addition and subtraction fact, you keep the pair. (Example: 2 + 3 = 5 and 5 - 3 = 2)
  • Have an adult read aloud an addition fact. You say the related subtraction fact. (Example: 2 + 3 = 5 and 5 - 3 = 2)



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